Category Archives: Holocaust

People born in Kańczuga that are in the 1939 German “Minority Census”

Thanks to Raphael Thurm for pointing out this additional online database that includes people born in Kańczuga. The web site Tracing the Past has a database of the 1939 German “Minority Census”, which it describes as:

    In May 1939 a census, or Volkszählung, was conducted in Germany (including annexed Austria and the Sudetenland) that required the head of each household to fill out a supplementary card, or Ergänzungskarte, which mandated marking the Jewish background of each of the resident’s four grandparents. By 1942, the cards of households with one or more residents with a Jewish grandparent marked on their card, the so-called “Minority Census,” were collected and and sent to the Reich Genealogy Office (Reichssippenamt), then located in a building seized from the Berlin Jewish Community, where the cards most likely survived through the end of the war.

    By the 1980s, the cards were in the custody of the State Archives of the German Democratic Republic in East Germany, and in the 1990s the cards were in the custody of the German Federal Archives. It was discovered that the cards are about 87% complete, lacking only for Thüringen, the Rhine Province, the districts of Erfurt and Minden, and several districts of Bavaria. Many of the districts included are areas that are now part of Poland (such as Silesia and Pomerania) and Russia (Königsberg / Kaliningrad).

In the database, there are fifteen people listed as having been born in Kanczuga. There is clear overlap with those listed in the German Gedenkbuch posted earlier. Presumably those that are the same were killed by the Nazis, and those in this list that are not in the Gedenkbuch either survived, or were killed by other people (the Gedenkbuch seems only to list those people who both lived in Germany and were killed directly by the Nazis).

If you go to the database you can find the address associated with the person listed below.

SurnameGiven NameMaiden NameBirth DateResidence
EndzweigRuchlaWestreich1897-12-09Berlin
GodFeigaMünzer1896-09-22Berlin
KellmannBrandlaFriedmann1892-08-05Berlin
NeumannPesselNeumann1888-06-26Berlin
NeumannUscher1896-02-25Halberstadt
PelzReginaMünzer1888-01-03Berlin
RauchFeigaWiesenfeld1886-05-08München
SchimmelLeja1884-12-12Frankfurt A. M.
SommerFeigeMünzer1897-11-21Berlin
StarkChanaHerlster1872-10-15Berlin
SteinbergIdaDorner1908-12-15Wiesbaden
SternheimScheindel1879-02-05Leipzig
TeicherChanina1900-08-06Berlin
TeicherIsaak1896-03-16Berlin
WarthKarl1875-12-10Berlin

People born in Kańczuga that are in the Dutch Joods Monument database

After publishing the list of those born in Kańczuga who were in the German Gedenkbuch memorial, Raphael Thurm sent two other sites that have lists of victims from the Holocaust that list people born in Kańczuga. The first one is the Dutch site Joods Monument (Jewish Monument) that “commemorates the more than 104,000 persons who were persecuted as Jews in the Nehterlands and did not survive the Holocaust”.

If you click through to the site using the Details link for each person below, there is a profile for them, including where they died, any known relatives (and links to their profiles), and for some added photographs and stories. If you know about people in the below list, you can contribute your own information to the site.

SurnameGiven NameMaiden NameBirth DateDeath DateURL
AmentSchama1883-09-111943-03-13Details
AmentRijfka1925-03-021943-05-14Details
BesenEstera1927-01-051943-05-02Details
BesenChaja Mirjam1921-12-121943-02-05Details
BesenHerman Izak1923-11-031943-04-30Details
BesenSara MarthaAment1888-01-271943-02-05Details
CroisetFeigaJakobes1904-02-221943-01-21Details
de LeeuwMalkaSchupper1920-02-041942-11-27Details
GrierMarkus1894-08-091945-04-13Details
HirschhautPesselHorowitz1890-09-101943-07-23Details
KalterSamuel1902-04-061944-01-31Details
MinzerSimche1904-09-061945-07-25Details
MünzerElische1910-02-141944-03-11Details
NeugroschlMariaSiecherman1904-04-061942-09-21Details
SchupperMalke1926-01-291944-01-31Details
SchupperMeyer1921-06-141943-01-22Details
SchupperPesla PeppiFeldstein1893-09-211943-02-19Details
SiebzehnerHinda1926-12-181943-02-01Details
SiebzehnerSara Kreindla1928-11-111943-02-01Details
SiebzehnerPerlaFeldstein1895-04-201943-02-01Details
VogelGoldaSchein1905-10-041943-01-21Details
ZellerkrautGolda1897-08-171943-11-19Details
ZellerkrautOskar1902-02-201944-03-31Details

People born in Kańczuga that are in the German Gedenkbuch

The Federal Archives in Germany has an online Memorial Book, listing as they state on the site “Victims of the Persecution of Jews under the National Socialist Tyranny in Germany 1933 – 1945”. This memorial book lists Jewish residents of Germany that were killed by the Nazis, and contains some 170,000 names. Of those names, nineteen names are listed as having been born in Kańczuga, which I’ve listed below.

Keep in mind that these are only those people who were both residents of Germany and were killed by Nazis during the war. This list does not include residents of Kańczuga who were killed by the Nazis who never lived in Germany (most of them) or those residents of Germany that were killed by groups other than the Nazis (such as those massacred post-liberation on Passover in 1945 by local Poles – even if they had lived in Germany).

If you click on the Details link, it will take you to the page on the Federal Archives web site with details on the person, including if known where they lived before the war, and where to and when they were deported during the war.

SurnameGiven NameMaiden NameBirth DateURL
AmentHerz1893-01-06Details
DornerBreindel BerthaZellerkraut1873-02-10Details
EndzweigRuchlaWestreich1897-12-09Details
FränkelMiriamTuren1901-01-21Details
FriedmannEfroim Ephraim1881-09-24Details
FuhrmannBenzion Bruno1894-08-06Details
GodFeigaMünzer1896-09-22Details
KlugmannNathan1875-08-16Details
NeumannDavid1893-02-25Details
NeumannPessel PaulaNeumann1888-06-26Details
NeumannUscher1896-02-25Details
PackSimon Simcha1911-10-15Details
PelzRegina RifkaMünzer1888-01-03Details
RauchFanny FeigaWiesenfeld-Karthagener1886-05-08Details
SaleschützChana Hanna1904-02-22Details
SommerFeigeMünzer1897-11-21Details
SteinbergIdaDorner1908-12-25Details
SternheimScheindelSilbermann1879-02-05Details
WolfLaja LejaGlanzberg1895-01-05Details

More info about the massacre of Jews in Kańczuga in 1945

Responding to the previous post about a new stone memorial being planned for those Jews murdered in Kańczuga in 1942 and after the war in 1945, Raphael Thurm sent some additional information. He pointed to the 2002 article in Polish – “Nikt ich nie tykał” which is referenced as a source in the post about the memorial project. That article explains the investigation into the massacre, and the unsuccessful attempt at figuring out who carried it out (basically the locals wouldn’t name names). He also pointed to the page about the massacre at the Virtual Shtetl web site – “The post-war murder place – Węgierska street, św. Barbary street“.

The source for the Virtual Shtetl page is the same article from 2002, which is why one anomaly in the story is the same on both pages. They say the massacre happened on March 31, 1945, which was the Easter Eve, or the night before Easter. The Virtual Shtetl page simply says it was Easter. What’s strange is that one of the victims of that massacre was in my own family, and her granddaughter recounted to me that the murders took place on the second night of Passover, at the second seder. The second night of Passover would have been March 30, not 31.

I don’t know what accounts for this discrepancy. Perhaps contemporary newspaper reports of the murders might shed some light on this, although maybe not. It seems the investigation done by a Polish journalist in 2002 went into many of these details, and determined it was March 31. Yad Vashem’s Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust simply says “Thirteen survivors were murdered in spring 1945 (during Passover) by Polish nationalists.” which is true in either case, it was still Passover on the 31st. Does anyone else have information on this event that might shed some light on when exactly it happened, or adds any other details?

Memorial for Jews murdered in Kańczuga in 1942 & 1945

On our Facebook Page, Łukasz Biedka shared a link to a page describing the efforts of the Polish Center for Holocaust Research to build a memorial to Jews killed in Gniewczyna Łańcucka and Kańczuga between 1942 and 1945. During the war they were buried in mass graves, and after the war the bodies were exhumed and moved to the cemetery in Jagieła – Niechciałka near Jarosław.

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The bodies were buried in mass graves with only numbers referencing the exhumation protocol numbers. The center was able to track down the exhumation protocols and identify some of the bodies buried in the graves, and now want to build stone memorials for those who are buried there. For Kańczuga, the names they found were:

Izrael Ejzig, age 35
Chana Krieger, age 20
and her unborn child
Sima Krieger, age16
Dawid Krieger
Pinia Krieger, age10
Jankiel Krieger, age 12
Fejwel Jakubes, age 33
Dora Bergman, age 32
Mindla Saltzman, age 55
Bernard (Berek) Zwanziger, age 26
Izydor (Azri) Reitzfeld
Debora Risman
murdered on March 31, 1945
and 72 unknown persons
murdered in 1942

Unfortunately only 12 names out of more than 80 buried in the mass grave, but it’s something.

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They’re looking to raise about $4600 for the two stone memorials (one for Kańczuga, and one for Gniewczyna Łańcucka). Read more on the page. There’s nothing that indicates how far they’ve come in their fundraising efforts, but it only started a few weeks ago, and I guess you can e-mail the center directly and try to find out how much they now need if you’re interested in donating.

Videos from 2008 of the Kańczuga cemetery in Siedleczka

The cemetery used by the Jewish community of Kańczuga was located in nearby Siedleczka. In 1942, the Nazis rounded up some 1000 plus Jews left in Kańczuga, took them to this cemetery and murdered them, dropping their bodies into a mass grave there. Since that time the cemetery was largely neglected, until 2008 when a group of Kańczuga descendants, including Michael Freund and Howard Nightingale, organized a renovation of the cemetery. The renovation included cleaning up the grounds and re-building a wall around the cemetery.

While the cemetery restoration was completed in May 2008, it seems that in March 2008 videos were posted to Youtube that show the cemetery prior to the restoration work. The second video shows the nearby memorial over the mass grave of those Jews murdered in 1942.

Video walkthrough of the Siedleczka-Kańczuga cemetery:

Video of the memorial to the 1000+ Jews murdered in 1942:

If you visit the cemetery in Siedleczka, consider videotaping your visit and posting an updated video of the current appearance of the cemetery and let us know (we’ll be happy to post it for you if you’d like).